Be a trailblazer and get to know local trees in Concord!

The City of Canada Bay Tree Trail is a celebration of trees in our city and the amazing benefits they provide! The 4.7km trail showcases 27 tree species that run from Queen Elizabeth Park, Concord, through to Yaralla Estate, Concord West. Can't walk the whole trail? Complete our mini tree-trail at Queen Elizabeth Park and crack the secret code. Jump on the trail and to discover our local trees and learn how they cool our city, create shade, provide habitat for local wildlife and clean our air, just to name a few.

Pick up a copy of the tree trail guide from your local library or download a pdf copy to print at home.

We would like to see your trail blazing photos! Share photos of your Tree Trail adventure on social media using the hashtag #canadabaytreetrail to join in the fun!

Trail guide

Help grow our tree canopy

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Over the next 20 years, our area will become increasingly warm as a result of climate change. Urban tree canopies play a significant role in helping create liveable neighbourhoods and benefit the health and wellbeing of our community.

City of Canada Bay is part of the NSW Government's Five Million Trees for Greater Sydney project, which aims to increase tree canopy cover across Sydney's streets, parks, backyards, neighbourhoods and schools. At the City of Canada Bay, our aim is to increase tree canopy cover from 18 to 25 per cent across the City by 2040. To make this happen, Council will plant 1,500 trees every year.

Whether you are a school, community group, business or resident, we need your help to plant trees for the future.

NSW Government is working with everyone in Greater Sydney to plant Five Million Trees by 2030. Here's what you can do to help:

Benefits of trees

Trees are one of the most important assets in the City of Canada Bay. They provide us with a range of environmental, social and economic benefits, making our City a beautiful place to live. Here are some reasons why trees are important and why we should plant and care for them:

tree canopy

1. Trees help keep our urban environment cool

Urban heat islands are prevalent in cities due to the number of vehicles, buildings, people and hard surfaces. Planting trees reduces the urban heat island effect through evapotranspiration and by providing shade. They lower temperature and humidity, and are also effective wind breakers. Street trees have shown to be able to reduce atmospheric temperatures by up to 1.5 degrees. Households with shade trees can also spend 10 percent less on cooling costs in the summer.

2. Trees support urban biodiversity

As land gets developed to meet the growing demands of the growing population, this usually leads to losses in a native flora and fauna. Tree communities along our streets and in parks form green corridors, allowing native wildlife to seek refuge whilst travelling between larger bushland areas.

3. Trees help us breathe

Trees not only provide us with the oxygen we need, they also clean the air by filtering pollutants through their leaves. In one year, an acre of trees can provide enough oxygen for 18 people to breathe. Trees are truly our source of life!

4. Trees increase community connections

Trees bring people together within a community. They beautify spaces, encouraging residents to step outdoors and enjoy the green spaces around them. Studies have shown that spending time outdoors in nature improves our overall wellbeing and improve attention levels.

5. Trees are great for the economy

Living in a leafy street and neighbourhood is highly sought after. A property surrounded by well planted trees is may be worth up to 15 percent more than streets without trees. Studies have also shown that leafy business districts attract more customers and also aid with traffic flow, making streets safer for everyone.

6. Trees benefit our physical and mental health

Trees impact us directly by improving both our physical and mental health. Research has found that time spent in a natural environment increases our physical immunity response and that green views have positive impacts on our mental health and emotional response. Additionally, shade provided by trees protects us from up to 75% of harmful UV radiation from the sun.

7.Trees help us fight climate change

Trees release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide, the heat trapping gas that causes the greenhouse effect. The more new trees we can plant and the more mature trees we can preserve, the better the chances we can sustain healthy, liveable environments for future generations.

Local species

Syncarpia Glomulifera

Commonly known as the Turpentine, the Syncarpia Glomulifera attracts a wide range of fauna as they produce nectar rich flowers for several nectar feeding birds, bats and insects. Ancient trees can develop hollow logs suitable for a wide range of wildlife to use as sheltering and breeding opportunities. They can grow up to 60 metres tall and are thought to live up to 500 years!

Lophostemon Confertus

Lophostomen confertus, the Brush Box is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 20 metres tall in forests and 10 metres in urban areas. They are a popular street tree that can adapt well to most environments and weather conditions. It has white fluffy flowers that attracts bees, insects and nectar eating birds in spring and summer, and leathery dark green leaves.

Eucalyptus Saligna

Also known as the Sydney Blue Gum, this native Australian tree is well loved by koalas. Locally, some of the wildlife you may spot on the tree could be the grey-headed flying fox eating the flowers, the crimson rosella eating the seeds or insects like the longhorn beetle species. They also produce many hollow bearing branches, making it an important species for hollow dependant fauna. You can usually spot a Sydney Blue Gum by its rough, flaky bark near the base of the trunk and blue toned smooth bark above. The flower buds grows in clusters of seven, nine or eleven, blooming to white flowers and cylindrical to conical or cup-shaped fruit.

Banksia Integrifolia

Better known as Coastal Banksia, this beautiful drought tolerant tree will grow slowly to eventually attain tree size (up to 25 metres). It has attractive dark green colouring with silver reverses and produces large yellow flowers from autumn through winter to spring. The flowers are an important source of food for nectar eating fauna like the rainbow lorikeet, eastern spinebill and the sugar gliders.


Despite the small size, isolation and relatively degraded condition of the City of Canada Bay’s natural environment, our City still retains a surprisingly diverse range of flora and fauna. Studies have shown that there are a total of 159 different plant species that are unique to the lower Parramatta River area present in the City of Canada Bay, including two endangered ecological tree communities, and these are:

Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest is by far the most common vegetation type in the City of Canada Bay. It existed on the fertile, deep, Wianamatta Shale derived clay soils of Concord, Concord West, North Strathfield, Canada Bay and parts of Five Dock.

The widespread loss of Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest throughout the Sydney Basin has resulted in its listing under Division 5 of Part 2 of the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 as an Endangered Ecological Community.

Further recognition of the vegetation community’s conservation value is provided by the Federal Government, which has listed Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest as Critically Endangered under the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). The City of Canada Bay is actively working to ensure the protection and recovery of this community within the Local Government Area.

This vegetation community is associated with the areas usually occurring on salty floodplain areas and is characterised by the following:

  • Tree species – include Swamp She-oak (Casurina glauca) and Paperbarks (Melaleuca sp.)
  • Groundcover plant species – include Centella (Centella asiatica), Scurvy Weed (Commelina cyanea), Spotted Knotweed (Persicaria decipiens), Tall Sedge (Carex appressa), Saw Sedge (Gahnia clarkei), Mat Rush (Lomandra longifolia), Basket Grass (Oplismenus imbecillis), and Harsh Ground Fern (Hypolepis muelleri).

The widespread loss of Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest throughout the Sydney Basin has resulted in its listing under Division 5 of Part 2 of the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 as an Endangered Ecological Community.